Caraccioli. I. Domenico, marquis, an Italian statesman, born in Naples in 1715, died in 1780. In 1763 he was ambassador to London, and in 1770 he was sent in the same capacity to France, where he became acquainted with D'Aletnbert, Diderot, Condorcet, and other encyclopaedists. In 1781 he was appointed viceroy in Sicily, where he distinguished himself principally by the abolition of torture; and six years afterward he was made minister of foreign affairs. II. Francesco, prince, a Neapolitan admiral, born at Naples in 1748, died in 1799. He repeatedly commanded the Neapolitan fleet, when acting in concert with the English against the French. In 1798 he commanded one of the vessels which conveyed the royal family to Sicily under the command of Nelson. Having returned to Naples, he joined the republicans, was appointed commander-in-chief of the navy of the " Parthenopean Republic," and successfully opposed with a few ships the landing planned by the combined English and Sicilian fleets. Naples having been retaken in 1799, he was arrested, and, in violation of the capitulation by which the officers of the late republican government were allowed to leave the country unmolested, he was brought a prisoner on board Nelson's ship, arraigned before a Sicilian court martial, and condemned to be hanged.
A request was presented in his name to the English admiral for a less ignominious mode of death; but Nelson, through the influence of Lady Hamilton, declined acceding to it, and Caraccioli was suspended from the yard arm of a Neapolitan frigate.