Carli, Or Carli-Rubbi, Giovanni Rinaldo, count, an Italian economist and antiquary, born at Capo d'Istria, April 11, 1720, died in Milan, Feb. 22, 1795. In 1744 he was appointed by the senate of Venice professor of astronomy and navigation in the university. While here he became involved in an acrimonious controversy with the abbe Tartarotti on the existence of witches and magicians, which excited great attention throughout Italy, more than 20 writers taking part in it, most of them on the side of Tartarotti, and only four supporting Carli, who maintained the skeptical side, and denied that witches and witchcraft, magic and magicians, had ever any other than an imaginary existence. After seven years he resigned his professorship, and in 1765 Leopold of Tuscany placed him at the head of the board of public economy and public instruction. Some years before his death he was relieved from the active duties of these offices, although he retained the emoluments belonging to them. He wrote Delia spedizione degli Argonauti in Golco (Venice, 1745); Belle monete e dell' isti-tuzione delle zecche d'Italia (3 vols., Milan, 1750-'60); Lettere Americane (3 vols., Florence, 1780-'81); Delle antichitd italiclie (5 vols., Milan, 1788-91); and Sioria di Verona, sino al 1517 (7 vols., 1796). The collective edition of his works (18 vols., Milan, 1784-'94) does not contain the " American Letters".