Carter. I. A N. E. county of Tennessee, bordering on North Carolina, drained by affluents of Holston river, and by Doe river; area, about 350 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 7,909, of whom 573 were colored. It occupies some of the highest ground in the state. The Iron mountain range, covered with timber and rich in mines of iron, extends along its S. E. border. Watauga river and other streams supply water power, which is extensively employed in iron works. The valleys are highly productive. A branch of the East Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia railroad traverses the county. The chief productions in 1870 were 37,169 bushels of wheat, 132,097 of Indian corn, 63,396 of oats, and 2,155 tons of hay. There were 1,033 horses, 1,326 milch cows, 2.543 other cattle, 5,430 sheep, and 7,253 swine. There were 0 iron forges, 1 flour mill, and 1 manufactory of woollen goods. Capital, Elizabethtown. II. A N. E. county of Kentucky, intersected by the Little Sandy river and Tygert's creek; area, about 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 7,509, of whom 100 were colored. The surface is hilly and broken. The soil near the rivers is tolerably fertile, but in other places unfit for cultivation. The mineral wealth is considerable, iron ore and stone coal being found among the hills in great quantities.
The Elizabeth, Lexington, and Big Sandy railroad is to traverse the county. The chief productions in 1870 were 13,214 bushels of wheat, 282,691 of Indian corn, 41,507 of oats, 107,529 lbs. of butter, and 17,175 of wool. There were 1,805 horses, 1,747 milch cows, 2,892 other cattle, 8,014 sheep, and 7,988 swine. There were 2 manufactories of pig iron. Capital, Grayson. III. A S. E. county of Missouri, intersected by Current river; area, 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,455, of whom 30 were colored. The surface is diversified by hills and valleys. Timber is plentiful, and copper and iron are found. The chief productions in 1870 were 4,992 bushels of wheat, 73,259 of Indian corn, 7,311 of oats, and 28,550 lbs. of tobacco. There were 417 horses, 470 milch cows, 1,047 other cattle, 1,182 sheep, and 3,589 swine. Capital, Van Buren.