Catanzaro. I. Or Calabria Uteriore II., a province of S. Italy, in the former kingdom of Naples, bounded N. by Cosenza, E. by the Ionian sea, S. by Reggio, and W. by the Tyrrhenian sea; area, 2,307 sq. m.; pop. in 1872, 412,220. It comprises the four districts of Ni-castro, Cotrone, Catanzaro, and Monteleone. One half of the province is level, the other half partly hilly and partly mountainous. Only a small portion is watered by small rivers. The chief products are vegetables, chestnuts, acorns, milk, cheese, butter, silk, wool, hemp, lumber, oil, and wine. It has several coal mines and marble quarries. II. The capital of the province, situated on a mountain near the gulf of Squil-lace, 30 m. S. S. E. of Oosenza; pop. in 1872, 24,901. It is the seat of a bishop, and has a cathedral, several churches and convents, a castle, a royal academy of sciences, and numerous schools and charitable institutions. Considerable trade is carried on in cattle, corn, and wine, and there are manufactures of silk velvet, embroidery, and carpets.
It suffered severely from the earthquake of 1783, which overthrew some of the principal buildings.