Cattywar, Or Kattywar, a peninsula in N. W. India, forming a considerable part of the province of Guzerat, or the Guicowar's dominions, bounded N. by the gulf and run of Cutch, N. E. by the British provinces of Raj-pootana and Malwa, E. by the gulf of Cambay, and S. and TV. by the Arabian sea. It lies between lat. 20° 42' and 23° 10' N., and lon. 69° 5' and 72° 14' E. The principal product is cotton. The grains chiefly cultivated are wheat, maize, and millet. The sugar cane is grown extensively, but is only made to produce molasses or goor. The Catty war horse, once celebrated, has deteriorated. A breed of kine called desam and buffaloes are much valued. The soil is sandy and not fertile, but numerous streams and wells afford ample means of irrigation, all the rivers taking their rise in the central part of the province. Toward the south some of the hills are over 1,000 ft. high. Deep ravines and caverns are very numerous, and afford safe retreats against attack. A locality of wooded hills called the Gir is haunted by wild animals of the most ferocious kind, and noted for its deadly climate.
The ravages of migratory rats produced such a terrible famine in 1814, that this year has since been called the rat year. (See Guzerat.)