Cevennes, a mountain range of France, which separates the valleys of the Garonne and the Loire from those of the Saone and the Rhone. In its widest sense it extends over more than 300 m., and is divided into the S. and X. Cevennes. The former, which contain extinct volcanoes, assume successively the names of Black, Espinouse, Garrigues, and Lozere mountains, and form the group of Gc-vaudan, several branches of which diverge in various directions; the most important, running N., connects with the cluster of mountains of volcanic origin known as the mountains of Auvergne. The highest points of the Cevennes are Mont Mezin, 5,790 ft., and Mont Lozere, 4,870 ft. The northern are of less importance, and are scarcely more than hills, under the names of Vivarais, Lyonnais, Forez, and Charolais mountains. They connect with the Vosges through the hills of Cote d'Or, the plateau of Langres, and the Faucilles mountains. Several rivers rise in this chain, the most important of which flow N. W. or W. to the Atlantic, such as the Loire, the Allier, the Lot, Arc. The Herault and the Gard, which run in an opposite direction to the Mediterranean and the Rhone respectively, are but short streams. - Cevennes was also formerly the name of a French province, which formed the N. E. part of Languedoc, and was divided into Gevaudan, Velay, Vivarais, and Cevennes proper, the respective chief towns of which were Mende, Le Pay, Viviers, and Alais. It is now included in the departments of Haute-Loire, Lozere, Ardeche, Avcyron, and Gard.