Chambery(Ital. Ciamberi), a town of France, capital of the department of Savoie, situated within a circle of high mountains, on the rivulets Leisse and Albane, affluents of Lake Bourget, 44 m. S. S. W. of Geneva; pop. in 1866, 18,297. It is a picturesque town, with fine pleasure grounds and a bustling appearance, and is steadily increasing in prosperity owing to its situation on the railways from France to Switzerland and Italy. It is the seat of an archbishop. The remains of the ancient castle of the counts and dukes of Savoy are situated on a lofty eminence, with charming gardens and sloping terraces; only three of the towers, the chapel, and part of the building have escaped the fires of 1745 and 1798. The chapel is built after the model of the Sainte Chapelle in Paris, with fine lancet windows of painted glass. The prefecture is in the castle yard, which also contains the apartments formerly reserved for the use of the royal family of Sardinia. The most conspicuous monument, consisting of a fountain with figures of elephants, was erected in honor of Gen. de Boigne, who amassed a large fortune in India, and who appropriated more than 3,000,000 francs to hospitals and other benefactions in this his native place.
The church of Lemene, on a rock near the Leisse, is the oldest in the district, and contains in the crypt the tomb of an Irish bishop. Among the other principal churches are the Gothic cathedral and the church of Notre Dame, in the Doric style. There were formerly 20 monasteries, of which only three convents and four nunneries are left. The finest modern public buildings are the theatre, the palace of justice, the town hall, the barracks, and a covered market. The principal educational institutions are an academy, a lyceum, a theological and normal seminary, and a school for the deaf and dumb. There are a museum of art and science, a public library with about 20,000 volumes and many important manuscripts, and a number of learned associations and charitable institutions. The Chambery silk gauzes have long been renowned, and laces, silk, and woollen hosiery, hats, watches, and many other articles are manufactured here. An active trade is carried on in cereals, cattle, wine, leather, copper, raw silk, and other commodities. - Chambery was ruled by counts in the 11th and 12th centuries, and in the 13th it became the capital of Savoy. It was occupied by the French in 1535, from which time it was alternately in their possession and in that of the native rulers till 1713, when Louis XIV. finally restored it to the dukes of Savoy by the treaty of Utrecht. After the French revolution it was once more under French domination as the capital of the department of Mont Blanc till 1815, when it was restored to Sardinia. In 1860 it came finally into possession of France with the rest of Savoy.