Charles Pichegru, a French general, born at Arbois, Feb. 16, 1761, died in Paris, April 5, 1804. He was teacher of mathematics at Bri-enne while Bonaparte was a student there, afterward entered the artillery, and rose rapidly in the French revolutionary army. In 1793 he succeeded Hoche as commander of the armies of the Moselle and Rhine, and in 1794 took command of the army of the north. After repeatedly defeating the English and Dutch, he entered Amsterdam, Jan. 19, 1795, and organized the Batavian republic. He soon after resumed his command of the army of the Rhine, and agreed with the prince of Conde to exert himself for the restoration of the monarchy, brilliant rewards being offered to him in the name of the future king. His troops being now worsted by the Austrians, and the suspicions of the directory aroused, he was deprived of his command in 1796. Nevertheless, in the following year he succeeded in being elected to the council of 500, and became its president and the leader of the royalist party. He was arrested with other conspirators, Sept. 4 (18th Fructidor), 1797, and banished to Cayenne. In June, 1798, he escaped, and went to London and Berlin to intrigue against the French government, in consequence of which he was expelled from the latter city.

Returning to London, he planned with Oadoudal the assassination of Napoleon, and they secretly arrived in Paris in 1803; but they were both arrested, and a few days later Pichegru was found strangled in his cell.