Chenango, a S. E. central county of New York; area, 624 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 40,564. Unadilla river touches its E. boundary; the Chenango and the E. branch of the Susquehanna intersect it; and it is drained and sup-plied with water power by several smaller streams. The surface is elevated, and in some places broken and hilly. The soil is good, especially near the rivers. The Chenango canal, traversing the county, connects Binghamton with Utica. The Albany and Susquehanna railroad passes through the S. E. corner, and the New York and Oswego Midland, and the Delaware, Lackawanna, and Utica division of the western railroads traverse the county. The chief productions in 1870 were 19,418 bushels of wheat, 228,921 of Indian corn, 584,429 of oats, 398,045 of potatoes, 183,291 tons of hay, 280,114 lbs. of cheese, 5,319,814 of butter, 117,546 of wool, 397,570 of maple sugar, and 586,990 of hops. There were 10,389 horses, 51,294 milch cows, 17,168 other cattle, 26,472 sheep, and 9,521 swine. There were 37 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 37 of cheese, 1 of cotton goods, 14 flour mills, 13 tanneries, 36 saw mills, 4 manufactories of agricultural implements, 14 of furniture, 7 of pig iron and castings, 3 of machinery, 17 of saddlery and harness, 7 of woollen goods, and 2 breweries.

Capital, Norwich.