Chretien Gnillaume De Lamoi-Srnon Dp Malesherbes, a French statesman, born in Paris, Dec. 6, 1721, guillotined April 22,1794. Ofanillus-trioiH family, son of a chancellor of France, he was educated in the Jesuits' college, became counsellor of the parliament of Paris in 1744, succeeded his father in the presidency of the court of aids in 1750, and was at the same time appointed superintendent of the press. He favored the publication of the Encyclopedic and other works of its authors in defiance of the anathemas of the Sorbonne. He protested in 1770 and 1771 against the imposition of new tax-s and the abuses of lettres de cachet, for which he was banished from Paris. After the accession of Louis XVI. in 1774, he was called into the ministry with Turgot, and the department of Pari- and the police of the kingdom was intrusted to him. His counsels were rejected, and he resigned in 1776 when Turgot was dismissed. He passed the time until the revoluition in travels in France, Holland, and Switzerland, and in the pursuits of literature, with the exception of a brief interval in 1787 when he was called into the ministry.
When Louis XVI. was arraigned before the national convention in 1792, Malesherbes obtained the dangerous honor of pleading his cause, and was one of the last to take leave of the condemned monarch, Eleven months afterward he was arreted with his family by the revolutionary tribunal, and condemned with them to the Hold. His Diseourset remontrances (1779) are valuable with reference to financial questions, and his paper Snr la liberie de la prme (1809) is remarkable for its enlightened views. A monument was erected to his memory under the restoration. - See Boissy d'Anglas, Exsai sur la vie, les opinions et les ecrits de Malesherbes (2 vols., 1818), and Sainte-Beuve, Malesherbes, in Causeries du lundi, vol. ii.