Chub, Or Chevin (Hvciscus Cepahalus Flem.), a common fresh-water fish, of the family cypri-nidae. It is abundant in almost all the slow-running, soft, clear streams of England; and sufficiently plentiful, of a kindred although distinct species, in similar waters of the United States. (See Dace.) In all modern languages this fish takes its name from the head, which is of somewhat inordinate size. In old English it is called cop, in French tetard, and in Italian capitome. It considerably resembles the carp in form, but is longer and scarcely so thick. The body is oblong, rather round, and of a pretty equal thickness in the greater part of the slope. The scales are large; the irides and cheeks silvery; the head and back of a deep dusky green; the sides silvery, but in slimmer yellow; the belly white; the pectoral tins of a pale yellow; the ventral and anal fins red; the tail forked, of a brownish hue, but tinged with blue at the end. The average weight does not exceed half a pound, though it sometimes weighs more than two pounds. The flesh is little esteemed, being coarse and full of small hairy bones; the roe, however, is excellent; and the head and throat are the best parts, being moderately gelatinous.

The haunts of the chub are in rivers whose bottoms are of sand or clay, or which are bounded by clayey banks; particularly in deep holes, shaded by trees, weeds, etc. It frequently floats on the surface, and is sometimes found in streams and deep waters where the currents are strong; in ponds fed by rivulets it grows to a large size. It spawns in April, and is in the best condition in December and January. It affords little sport to the angler, though it will bite freely at the worm, the grasshopper, and the natural or artificial fly; for, when once hooked, the mouth is so tough and leathery that the hook is certain to keep its hold, while the fish has so little pluck or spirit that it will allow itself to be pulled out by main force. It is a shy and wary fish, and is affected by the slightest movement of the water, or by the shadow of anything fleeting over it, as that of a flying bird or a waving bough.

Chub (Leuciscus cephalus).

Chub (Leuciscus cephalus).