Claudius James Rich, an English traveller, born near Dijon, France, March 28, 1787, died in Shiraz, Persia, Oct. 5, 1821. When 15 years old he was familiar with Arabic, Hebrew, Syriac, Persian, and Turkish. In 1803 he became a cadet of the East India company, and in 1804 a writer at Bombay. He was appointed secretary to Mr. Lock, consul general to Egypt, and after perfectly acquiring the Turkish and Arabic languages, travelled over a great part of Palestine and Syria as a Mameluke, and finally reached Bassorah, whence he sailed to Bombay. In 1808 he was appointed by the East India company resident at Bagdad, where he remained about six years. In 1811 he visited the site of Babylon, and published a "Memoir on the Ruins of Babylon." After a second journey to that place, he published a "Second Memoir on Babylon" (1818). In 1820 he travelled in Kurdistan, going as far east as Sinna. His widow published his "Narrative of a Residence in Kurdistan" (1839). His collections are in the British museum.