Cluverius, Or Clover, Philinp, a German geographer, born in Dantzic in 1580, died in Leyden in 1623. His father destined him for the law, but withdrew his support on his devoting himself at Leyden to the study of geography and history under the direction of Scaliger. He enlisted as a private in the imperial army, and was imprisoned in Bohemia for translating into Latin a paper which was obnoxious to the government. After his release, his mother secretly supplied him with money, and he resided some time in England, and travelled through Scotland, France, Germany, and Italy. At Oxford he made the acquaintance of Drs. Holland and Prideaux, and the latter procured him offers of promotion. But he returned to Leyden, where the university gave him an annual stipend. His ln-troductio in Unidersam Geographiam tarn Ve-terem quam Novam (Leyden, 1629; best ed., Amsterdam, 1729; translated into German, 1733), was regarded as the first attempt at a comprehensive system of geography. Among his other works are archaeological descriptions of Italy (edited by Daniel Heinsius, 2 vols., Leyden, 1623), of Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica, (Leyden, 1619, and Wolfenbuttel, 1659), and Germania Antiqua (Leyden, 1616 and 1631).