Cofts. I. The N. County Of New Hampshire, bounded N. by Canada, E. by Maine, and W. by Vermont and Canada, and intersected in the E. part by the Androscoggin river; area, 1,950 sq. m.; pop. in 1870,14,932. The White mountains occupy the southern part. Among these mountains the Saco river takes its rise, and in the extreme north are the sources of the Connecticut. Near the banks of this stream the soil is tolerably fertile. In the vicinity of some other smaller rivers the land is also cultivated, but the greater portion of the surface is hilly and unproductive. Its name is an Indian word signifying pines, with which a large part is covered. It is traversed by the Portland branch of the Grand Trunk railway of Canada, and the White Mountain railroad runs to the county seat. The chief productions in 1870 were 19,227 bushels of Indian corn, 185,674 of oats, 55,801 of buckwheat, 811,569 of potatoes, 40,-795 tons of hay, 419,462 lbs. of butter, 63,666 of wool, and 208,574 of maple sugar. There were 3,147 horses, 5,119 milch cows, 2,259 working oxen, 6,360 other cattle, 14,766 sheep, and 1,463 swine; 39 saw mills, 4 tanneries, 12 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 1 of machinery, 2 of paper, 12 of saddlery and harness, 4 of sashes, doors, and blinds, 1 of shoe pegs, 40 of potato starch, and 3 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware.
Capital, Lancaster. II. A S. W. county of Oregon, bounded W. by the Pacific; area, 1,500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,644, of whom 13 were Chinese. It is watered by Coos and Co-quilla rivers. The Umpqua mountains are on the E. border. Coal and veins of gold and copper have been found. Coos bay furnishes a good harbor. A railroad is in progress from the bay to Roseburg, in the adjoining county. The soil is good, but lumber is the chief staple. The chief productions in 1870 were 2,802 bushels of wheat, 1,859 of Indian corn, 3,386 of oats, 1,182 of barley, 2,044 of peas and beans, 1,165 of potatoes, and 644 tons of hay. There were 347 horses, 949 milch cows, and 1,412 swine. Capital, Empire City.