Court Of Cassation, the highest court of appeal in France. It was established by the constituent assembly toward the close of 1790, under the name of tribunal de cassation, with a view of putting an end to the confusion that had so largely prevailed in the judiciary system of the country, and of imparting to the whole jurisdiction a spirit of unity, without endangering the independence of the inferior courts. In 1804 the name of cour de cassation was given to the court, which it still retains. The functions of the court are not to go into the facts, but simply to revise the proceedings of the inferior courts, and any decision taken by the court of cassation is considered final and binding. It is composed of a president, 3 vice presidents (presidents de chambre), 45 counsellors, an attorney general (procureur general), 6 assistant attorneys general (avocats generaux), and a chief clerk (greffier en chef); and only 60 advocates are permitted to plead before the court. The president and counsellors are named by the government for life; the other officers are removable at pleasure.
The court is divided into three chambers, one of appeals in civil and one in criminal cases, and the chamber of requests, a sort of preliminary tribunal, which decides on the locus standi and admissibility of the appeal.