Cruikshank, Or Cruickshanks, William, a Scottish anatomist, born in Edinburgh in 1745, died in London, June 27, 1800. After having studied from 1764 to 1771 at Glasgow, he went to London with a letter of introduction to William Hunter, who appointed him librarian, and afterward his assistant. After Dr. Hunter's death he continued in concert with Dr. Baillie to preside over his school. His "Anatomy of the Absorbent Vessels" (1786) attracted much attention among medical men in England and on the continent. In opposition to the views of Haller, he asserted that when portions of nerves are cut out of living animals they may be reproduced. His paper on this subject was published in the "Transactions" of the royal society for 1794. His memoir on yellow fever, which toward the end of the 18th century prevailed in the United States, and especially in Philadelphia, was published in the latter city in 1798. He is the author of other medical writings, of which the most important are those on insensible perspiration.