Dalberg, Or Dalbnrg, a family of Germany, formerly so distinguished that, in the last three centuries and a half of the empire, at each imperial coronation the herald was required to proclaim, "Is there no Dalberg present?" whereupon the member of the family who happened to be present stepped forward and was made first knight of the empire. Among its most distinguished members are: I. Johann, bishop of Worms, an active promoter of literature and science, born in 1445, died in 1503. II. Wolfgang Heribert, the friend of Schiller, and a zealous patron of the German drama, born in 1749, died Sept. 28, 1806. At the time of his death he was state minister in Baden. III. Emmerich Joseph, duke and peer of France, son of the preceding, born at Mentz, May 30, 1773, died April 27, 1833. He was ambassador of Baden in Paris, where he became a favorite of Talleyrand and one of the diplomatic agents of Napoleon. Naturalized and raised to the ducal dignity in France in 1810, he exerted himself in 1814 in favor of the restoration of the Bourbons, and attended as French plenipotentiary the congress of Vienna. After the second restoration he was a minister of state.
IV. Karl Theodor Anton Maria, the last archbishop elector of Mentz and archchancellor of the German empire, born at Herrnsheim, Feb. 8, 1744, died in Ratisbon, Feb. 10, 1817. He studied at Gottingen and Heidelberg, in 1772 became administrator of Erfurt, and in 1802 archbishop elector of Mentz, an electorate which by the peace of Luneville had ceased to represent a territorial division of Germany. In compensation he received Ratisbon, Aschaffen-burg, and Wetzlar. In 1806, when the empire was dissolved, Napoleon made him prince primate of the Rhenish confederation, and in 1810 grand duke of Frankfort-on-the-Main. After 1813 he lost all his territories. He was a man of comprehensive learning, and wrote a number of philosophical and aesthetical works.