A W. central county of North Carolina; area, 630 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 17,-414, of whom 3,546 were colored. The Yadkin river traverses its W. border, and several smaller streams intersect it. The surface is diversified by hills and valleys, and nearly all of the land is fertile. Gold has been found in the S. part, and there is a mine of silver and lead, and one of copper. The North Carolina railroad passes through the county. The chief productions in 1870 were 152,726 bushels of wheat, 287,355, of Indian corn, 120,459 of oats, 6,904 tons of hay, 29,262 lbs. of wool, 38,937 of tobacco, and 100 bales of cotton. There were 2,859 horses, 3,702 milch cows, 5,338 other cattle, 13,440 sheep, and 19,461 swine; 7 grist mills, 4 manufactories of boots and shoes, and 1 zinc-smelting establishment. Capital, Lexington. II. A N. county of Tennessee, intersected by Cumberland river; area, 750 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 62,897, of whom 25,412 were colored. The surface is slightly uneven; the soil is good and well watered, and agriculture flourishes. Excellent limestone is found here. The Cumberland river in this part of its course is navigable for steamboats, and six good turnpike roads meet in this county.
The Nashville and Chattanooga, Nashville and Decatur, Nashville and Northwestern, Louisville and Nashville, and Edgefield and Kentucky railroads traverse it. The chief productions in 1870 were 87,166 bushels of wheat, 832,982 of Indian corn, 131,550 of oats, 24,858 of barley, 66,243 of Irish and 62,854 of sweet potatoes, 192,556 lbs. of butter, and 1,416 bales of cotton. There were 5,646 horses, 2,228 mules and asses, 5,428 milch cows, 7,041 other cattle, 12,221 sheep, and 29,667 swine; 15 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 5 of furniture, 6 of iron castings, 11 of machinery, 1 of cottonseed oil, 6 of patent medicines, 3 of sashes, doors, and blinds, 12 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 7 of bricks, 6 of brooms, 5 of confectionery, 13 of saddlery and harness, 1 of wooden ware, 4 book binderies, 6 grist mills, 4 tanneries, 6 currying establishments, 2 distilleries, 2 breweries, 4 saw mills, and 16 planing mills. Capital, Nashville, which is also the capital of the state. III. A S. E. county of Dakota territory, recently formed and not included in the census of 1870; area, 432 sq. m.
It is intersected by the Dakota or James river.