Dubois. I. Antoine, baron, a French surgeon, born at Gramat in 1756, died in Paris, March 30, 1837. He went to Paris at the age of 20 and attended the philosophical course at the Mazarin college, supporting himself meanwhile by giving lessons in writing and by copying for lawyers. He then studied medicine under De-sault, who made him his assistant. He advanced rapidly, and in 1790 became a professor in the royal college of surgery, a position in which, although he published no works, he acquired a reputation all over Europe. Bonaparte selected him as one of the corps of savants who accompanied him to Egypt, and in 1811 intrusted him with the accouchement of the empress Marie Louise, a service which he performed with so much skill that both mother and child probably owed their lives to him. Under the consulate and empire he was also made surgeon-in-chief of a newly established hospital, still known as the hospital Dubois, and professor of obstetrics in the maternity hospital, besides receiving the title of baron. He devised new processes in many operations, and invented and perfected a great number of instruments, among others the forceps which bears his name. His publications were confined to articles contributed to periodicals, mostly to the Dictionnaire des sciences medicales.
II. Paul Antoine, a French obstetrician, son of the preceding, born in Paris, Dec. 7, 1795, died there in December, 1871. In 1823 he succeeded his father at the maternity hospital, and in 1830 was appointed professor of obstetrics in the faculty of medicine, and soon became distinguished for his skill in diagnosis, his clear and eloquent manner of lecturing, and a peculiar facility for imparting knowledge. His lectures and cliniques were widely known and very fully attended. He became dean of the faculty in 1852, and in 1863 he was compelled to retire from active occupation, owing to a failure of memory, the first symptom of a mental disorder which became confirmed, and continued during the remainder of his life. His writings consisted entirely of contributions to medical journals.