Ebal And Gerizim, two mountains in Palestine, within 200 paces of each other, and separated by a deep valley, in which stood the old city of Shechem, now Nablus. They are much alike, being semicircular, about half a league long, and on the sides nearest Shechem nearly perpendicular. Ebal is 1,028 ft. above Nablus and 2,700 ft. above the sea; Gerizim about 100 ft. lower. They were made memorable by the solemn ratification of God's covenant with the Jews after they had passed over Jordan, when six tribes were placed on Gerizim and six on Ebal, the former to pronounce blessings on those who should faithfully keep the divine law, and the latter to pronounce curses on those who should violate it; whence Gerizim was known as the mount of blessing and Ebal as the mount of cursing.' According to the injunction of Moses, the Jews after obtaining possession of Canaan built an altar and celebrated a feast on Ebal. The Samaritans contended that this should have been done on Gerizim, and they built a temple on the latter, the ruins of which are still visible, and regarded it as the Jews regarded their temple at Jerusalem. They also held that Gerizim was the mountain upon which Abraham was directed to offer up Isaac. The remark of the Samaritan woman to Christ at Shechem (John iv. 20) is in allusion to this difference of opinion as to the proper place of worship.

The Samaritans still have an annual sacrifice on Mt.' Gerizim.