Edgar, an E. county of Illinois, bordering on Indiana; area, about 600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 21,450. It is drained by a branch of the Em-barras river, and by Brulette and Clear creeks, affluents of the Wabash. The surface is nearly level, and occupied partly by prairies and timber. The soil is fertile. The Indianapolis and St. Louis railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 260,643 bushels of wheat, 37,508 of rye, 2,107,615 of Indian corn, 290,679 of oats, 88,508 of potatoes, 36,638 tons of hay, 457,104 lbs. of butter, and 164,105 of wool. There were 10,294 horses, 6,666 milch cows, 20,935 other cattle, 42,786 sheep, and 38,654 swine; 3 manufactories of boots and shoes, 15 of carriages and wagons, 5 of furniture, 10 of saddlery and harness, 1 of sashes, doors, and blinds, 4 flour mills, 1 planing mill, and 3 saw mills. Capital, Paris.
Edgar, a king of the Anglo-Saxons, son of Edmund I., born about 943, died in 975. He succeeded his brother Edwy about the beginning of 959, and made Dunstan his chief counsellor, whose influence continued paramount throughout his reign. While he was king England was disturbed neither by foreign invasions nor by the attacks of the northern pirates, and he was consequently surnamed "the Peaceful." He favored the monasteries, and especially contributed to increase the power of the Benedictines, about 50 monasteries of that order having been established during his reign. Having carried off a young lady from the convent of Wilton and made her his mistress, he was ordered by Dunstan, as a penance, to abstain for seven years from wearing his crown. His first wife was Elfleda, and his second Elfrida, the daughter of Ordgar, earl of Devonshire. William of Malmesbury, on the authority of a Saxon ballad, relates that Edgar, having heard of the great beauty of Elfrida, sent his minister Ethelwold to ascertain whether, the reports were true. Ethelwold on seeing the lady was captivated by her charms, represented to the king that she was unworthy of his admiration, and married her himself.
Edgar having discovered the deceit caused Ethelwold to be put to death and married Elfrida. The story has been made the theme of an English tragedy by William Mason, and of a French opera by Guillard. He was succeeded by his son Edward II.