Elias Howe, an American inventor, born in Spencer, Mass., July 9,1819, died in Brooklvn, N. Y., Oct. 3, 1867. He lived with his father, who was both farmer and miller, till 1835, working upon the farm and in the mill, and attending the district school during the winters. He then went to Lowell, and was employed in a manufactory of cotton machinery, and afterward worked in a machine shop in Boston. Here he developed his invention of the sewing machine, completing his first machine in May, 1845, and securing a patent Sept. 10, 1846. After constructing four machines in the United States, he visited England in 1847, and remained two years. He returned to Boston entirely destitute, and resumed his trade. From this period till 1854 he was involved in expensive lawsuits, when the principal infringers of his patents acknowledged his rights, and arranged to manufacture sewing machines under licenses from him. His income now steadily increased, reaching $200,000; and his fortune realized from his invention is said to have amounted to $2,000,000. During the civil war he enlisted as a private in a Connecticut regiment, and when the payment of the regiment was delayed by the government, he advanced the necessary money. (See Sewing Machine.)