Emanuel, an E. county of Georgia, bounded N. by the Ogeechee river, and S. W. by Pendleton's creek; area, about 1,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,134, of whom 1,703 were colored. The principal streams which intersect it are the Great Ohoopee and the Cannouchee. It has a level surface, and a sandy, unproductive soil. Timber is abundant. The chief productions in 1870 were 103,705 bushels of Indian corn, 21,399 of oats, 24,353 of sweet potatoes, and 1,376 bales of cotton. There were 1,094 horses, 4,013 milch cows, 11,167 other cattle, 14,988 sheep, and 15,464 swine; 4 saw mills and 1 cotton factory. Capital, Swainsborough.
Emanuel (Port. Manoel) I., king of Portugal, called the Great, and the Happy, born May 3, 1469, ascended the throne upon the death of John II., in 1495, and died in Lisbon, Dec. 13, 1521. He was the son of Duke Ferdinand of Viseu, grandson of King Edward of Portugal, nephew of Alfonso V., and cousin of John II. His father, accused of conspiracy against John II., was slain by the latter with his own hand. Emanuel, bearing the title of duke of Beja, was educated in Spain, where in 1497 he married Isabella, daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, and heiress to the crown of Castile. She died in 1498, and Emanuel married Donna Maria, her sister, two years later. He received the kingdom in a state of prosperity, and by his activity and sagacity raised Portugal to her most brilliant point of power and glory. He signalized the beginning of his reign by pursuing with an ardor surpassing that of all his predecessors the long-sought passage by sea to India. Mainly under his patronage were made the voyages of Vasco da Gama, Albuquerque, and Pedro Alvarez de Cabral; in his reign Goa became a Portuguese settlement, and Brazil, the Moluccas, etc, were discovered; the commerce of the Indies was opened to Portugal, wealth accumulated, and a spirit of enterprise took possession of the nation, which could now boast of a brilliant succession of navigators and generals.
Less successful were his efforts for conquest in Morocco, where dearly purchased victories secured no lasting gain. He devoted himself to the Roman Catholic church, sent missionaries with all his fleets to convert whatsoever people they might discover, and sought to reform the character of the Portuguese ecclesiastics. He banished the Jews and Moors, and introduced the inquisition. He ruled 20 years without convening the cortes, published a code of laws, and succeeded in remaining at peace with all Europe. He was a patron of men of letters, and himself the author of memoirs of the Indies. His second wife, Maria, died in 1517, and in 1519 he married Eleonora of Austria, sister of Charles V.