George H. Boughton, an American painter, born in Norfolk, England, in 1836. His family removed to the United States about 1839, and he passed his youth at Albany, N. Y. He early developed a taste for drawing both figures and landscapes, and in 1853, having painted a few pieces which found a ready sale, he went to London and passed several months in the study of his art. Upon returning to America he settled in New York, and soon became known as a clever and rising landscape painter. Two of his works produced at this time, "Winter Twilight" and the " Lake of the Dismal Swamp," are noticeable for neatness of execution combined with no little poetic sentiment. They indicated a transition period from landscape to genre painting; and to fit himself for the latter he visited Paris in 1859 and devoted two years to study. In 1861 he opened a studio in London, where he has since mostly resided, contributing annually to the royal academy exhibitions. His works are of cabinet size, and represent generally genre subjects in connection with landscapes. Though partaking somewhat of the mannerisms of the French school, they are often original in conception, and in respect to composition and imaginative power entitle the painter to take high rank among contemporary artists.
Among the most successful are several depicting French peasant life, such as " Passing into the Shade," " Coming from Church,1' "Cold Without," and " Morning Prayer." On American subjects he has painted "The Scarlet Letter," "Return of the Mayflower," and "Puritans going to Church." Among his later works are "Reading Clarissa Harlowe," "Colder than Snow," and "The-Idyl of the Birds," the last named a composition in three parts, refined in execution and infused with a singular pathos. Mr. Boughton is most successful in his female figures, which are always interesting and sometimes strikingly beautiful in features and expression. Of late years he has habited them in the long, narrow dress of about 1810, but without the eccentric accessories belonging to the fashion of that time.