George Podiebrad, king of Bohemia, born April 23, 1420, died March 22, 1471. He was the son of Herant of Podiebrad and Kunstat, a Hussite nobleman. In his youth he engaged in the Hussite war; but while the Bohemian king and German emperor Sigismund lived he acted with the moderate party. After that monarch's death the Hussites repudiated the election of his son-in-law Albert of Austria, and chose as their ruler Casimir, brother of Ladis-las III. of Poland. Albert drove the Hussites and Poles to Tabor, and began the siege of that fortress; but Podiebrad forced him to raise it and retreat to Prague. Among the Hussites he now became second only to Henry Ptaczek of Lipa, and after the death of that leader in 1444 he succeeded him as regent during the minority of Ladislas the Posthumous, Albert's son. For a long time he was engaged in conflicts with Meinhard of Neuhaus, the leader of the Catholics, but in 1450 the Calixtines triumphed, and in 1451 Podiebrad was recognized as ruler by the whole country. His authority was confirmed when the deputies of Hungary, Austria, and Bohemia met in Vienna to agree upon a plan for the government of their respective countries, and the guardianship of their common sovereign Ladislas. After the death of that monarch (1457) Podiebrad was elected king of Bohemia, March 2, 1458, had himself crowned by Catholic bishops, and maintained himself both against foreign and domestic enemies.
When he ascended the throne he banished, according to agreement, the Taborites,. Picards, Adamites, and other religious sects. Pope Pius II. annulled the compacts entered into between the Calixtines and the Catholics, and, Podiebrad evincing a determination to stand by the former, excommunicated him in 1463; but through the mediation of the emperor Frederick III. the contest was settled for a time. In. 1466 the new pope, Paul II., excommunicated Podiebrad, and caused a crusade to be preached against him throughout Germany; and on this account the king of Bohemia in 1468 declared war against the emperor, and ravaged Austria as far as the Danube. The pope and the emperor, on the other hand, induced Matthias Corvinus, king of Hungary, to take up arms against Podiebrad, his father-in-law, and the Catholics of Bohemia were also excited to insurrection. Podiebrad recalled the exiled heretics, suppressed the domestic insurrection, drove back the Hungarians who had invaded his territory, and negotiated an armistice with Matthias in April, 1469. Matthias soon broke his agreement, and was chosen king of Bohemia by a mock diet held at Olmiitz; but Podiebrad succeeded in having Ladislas, eldest son of Casimir IV., king of Poland, of the house of Jagellon, chosen as his successor.
The war continued until an armistice was .agreed upon in July, 1470; and on Podiebrad's death in 1471 he was succeeded by Ladislas, while his two sons, Victorin and Henry, became Bohemian nobles. - See Jordan, Das Konigthum Georges von Podiebrad (Leipsic, 1861).