Greenville ,.I. A S. E. county of Virginia, bordering on North Carolina, bounded N. by the Nottoway river, and watered by the Meher-rin river; area, 300 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,362, of whom 4,207 were colored. It is traversed by the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac railroad, and the Gaston branch. The surface is level and the soil moderately fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 5,524 bushels of wheat, 112,392 of Indian corn, 13,509 of oats, and 33,200 lbs. of tobacco. Capital, Hicksford. II. A N. W. county of South Carolina, bordering on North Carolina, and bounded W. by Saluda river; area, about 800 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 22,262, of whom 7,141 were colored. The Blue Ridge touches the N. border, and the rest of the surface is pleasantly diversified. The soil is generally fertile. The Greenville and Columbia railroad terminates at the county seat, and the Atlanta and Richmond Air-Line railroad crosses the county. The chief productions in 1870 were 44,421 bushels of wheat, 355,526 of Indian corn, 23,698 of oats, 22,499 of sweet potatoes, and 1,864 bales of cotton. There were 1,556 horses, 1,184 mules and asses, 3,501 milch cows, 5,111 other cattle, 7,640 sheep, and 17,400 swine; 4 cotton mills, 2 tanneries, 2 currying establishments, and 1 paper mill.
Greenville ,.I. A city and the capital of Greenville co., South Carolina, on Reedy river, an affluent of the Saluda, near its source, and on the x\tlanta and Richmond Air-Line railroad, at the terminus of the Greenville and Columbia line, 95 m. N. W. of Columbia; pop. in 1870, 2,757, of whom 1,375 were colored. Having an elevated and healthy situation at the foot of Saluda mountain, it is a favorite summer resort. It is the seat of several Baptist educational institutions. Furman university, organized in 1851, in 1873-'4 had 4 professors, more than 50 students, and a library of 2,000 volumes. The Greenville high school, formerly in name and still practically the preparatory department of the university, had 4 instructors and more than 100 pupils. Greenville Baptist female college, organized in 1854, had 9 professors and instructors and about 100 students. The Southern Baptist theological seminary was organized in 1858, and in 1873-'4 had 5 professors, 00 or 70 students, and a library of 3,000 volumes. Greenville has six churches, a national bank, grain mills, a saw mill, planing mills, a coach and wagon factory, a boot and shoe factory, a cotton factory, and two weekly newspapers.
II. A town and the capital of Greene co., Tennessee, on the East Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia railroad, 220 m. E. of Nashville, and 66 m. E. by N. of Knoxville; pop. in 1870, 1,039, of whom 253 were colored. It is the seat of Greenville and Tusculum college, organized in 1808 by the union of Greenville and Tusculum colleges, founded respectively in 1794 and 1844. In 1872 it had 10 professors and instructors, 12 collegiate and 87 (21 female) preparatory students, and a library of 5,000 volumes. Greenville has three weekly newspapers.