Gregory The Illuminator , a saint of the church, the apostle and first patriarch of Armenia, born in 257, died about 332. He was the son of Anag, a prince of the royal family of the Arsacidae, who having assassinated Chosroes, king of Armenia, was put to death with all his family except Gregory, then two years old. Gregory was taken to Caesarea in Cappadocia by a Christian nurse, and on becoming of age was there married, but separated from his wife three years later by mutual consent. He went to Rome, attached himself to the suite of Tiridates III., king of Armenia, and accompanied him to that country, where, having refused to sacrifice to idols, he was subjected to various tortures, and finally cast into a dungeon near Artaxata. A benevolent widow supported him here for 14 years. At the end of that time the king, who is said to have been cured by his prayers of a desperate malady, embraced the faith (302). The saint afterward went to Caesarea, and was consecrated metropolitan of Armenia. Returning to that country, he preached the gospel both E. and W. of the Euphrates, baptized many, destroyed pagan temples, built churches, ordained priests, and, having converted most of the nation, consecrated his son Arisdages as his successor in 318. In 325 he and the king were invited by Constantino to the council at Nice. In 331 he withdrew into a cavern, where he died.