Halleck , Fitz-Greene, an American poet, born at Guilford, Conn., July 8, 1790, died there, Nov. 17, 1867. He received his education at the grammar school of his native town, and became clerk in a store at Guilford. In 1811 he entered the banking house of Jacob Barker in New York, in which employment ho remained for many years. For 16 years previous to the death of John Jacob Astor he was engaged in his business affairs, was named by him as one of the original trustees of the Astor library, and by his will received an annuity of $200. In 1849, having as he said "been made rich with 40 pounds a year," he retired to Guilford, to live with an unmarried sister. He wrote verses in his boy-hood, some of which appeared anonymously in contemporary newspapers. The lines to "Twilight," the first in date of his collected poems, appeared in the "New York Evening Post" in 1818; and in March, 1819, he formed a literary partnership with Joseph Rodman Drake to write the "Croaker" papers, which appeared in the same journal from March to June, 1819. Drake's death in the summer of 1820 was commemorated by Hal-leck in one of his most touching poems. In the latter part of 1819 ho wrote his longest poem, "Fanny," a satire on the fashions, follies, and public characters of the day.
It was completed within three weeks of its commencement, and from the variety and pungency of its local and personal allusions enjoyed a great popularity, copies having been circulated in manuscript after the original edition had been exhausted. In 1821 a second edition appeared, enlarged by the addition of 50 stanzas. In 1822-'3 he visited Europe, and in 1827 published anonymously an edition of his poems, including "Alnwick Castle," "Burns," and "Marco Bozzaris." In January, 1864, he published in the "New York Ledger" "Young America," a poem of about 300 lines. Enlarged editions of Halleck's poems appeared in 1836, 1842, 1849, and 1858, and after his death a complete edition, including the "Croakers" and "Young America," edited with very full notes by James Grant Wilson, who has also written the "Life of Halleck." In 1832 Hal-leck prepared an edition of Byron, containing notes and a memoir; and in 1840 he compiled two volumes of "Selections from the British Poets." A handsome obelisk has been erected over his grave at Guilford, and a full-length bronze statue is to be erected in the Central park, New York.