Hankow , a city of China, in the province of Hupeh, on the Yangtse-kiang, 470 m. W. of Shanghai; pop. estimated at 800,000. The river Han, which hero falls into the Yangtse, separates Hankow from Hanyang, and opposite both, on the other bank of the Yangtse, is Wo-chang, the capital of Hupeh. These three towns are said to have had, before they were almost wholly destroyed by the Taepings, an aggregate population of 5,000,000. In consequence of its flourishing trade, Hankow is now again one of the first commercial cities of the Chinese empire, and in particular the centre of the commerce of the provinces of Hupeh, Ho-nan, Sechuen, and Kweichow. It is one of the treaty ports opened to foreign commerce. Two regular lines of steamships connect it with Shanghai. For the trade with Russia, Hankow is next to Tientsin the most important place. The imports in 1871 were valued at $187,000, the exports at $5,112,000. The most important articles of export are tea, China grass, hemp, tobacco, and rhubarb; the most important articles of import are Russian cloth and velvets.

The number of vessels entering the port in 1869 was 286, tonnage 185,226; cleared, 350, tonnage 191,088.