Harrodsburg , a town and the capital of Mercer co., Kentucky, situated on a small branch of Salt river, 8 m. S. W. of the Kentucky river, and 30 m. S. of Frankfort; pop. in 1870, 2,205, of whom 1,101 were colored. Built on high ground and surrounded by fine scenery, it is an attractive summer retreat, and enjoys a reputation for its mineral waters. The Harrodsburg springs were formerly among the most fashionable places of resort in the western states, and are still visited by invalids. They were purchased a few years ago by the United States government as the site of a military asylum, but this institution is not now in operation. An important trade is carried on in horses, cattle, and other live stock. The town contains a weekly newspaper, a national bank, and several factories. It is the seat of Daughters' college (Christian), founded in 1856, and having in 1873-'4 8 instructors, 140 students, and a library of 3,000 volumes. It is essentially a female normal school, and many of its graduates are engaged in teaching. Bacon college has been removed to Lexington, and merged in the Kentucky university.

Harrodsburg is said to be the oldest town in Kentucky, the first cabin having been built in 1774 by Capt. James Harrod.