Hazlitt ,.I. William, an English author, born in Maidstone, April 10, 1778, died in London, Sept. 18, 1830. His father, a Unitarian clergyman, sent him to the Unitarian college at Hackney to be educated for the ministry. But he devoted himself to philosophy and art, and on leaving college determined to become a painter. He painted portraits with tolerable success, but finding he was not likely to reach a high standard, he renounced the art. In 1805 appeared his essay on "The Principles of Human Action," after which he became a regular contributor to newspapers of political articles and theatrical art criticisms, which, with his criticisms on literature and literary men, constitute his chief claim to remembrance. Among his best known works are: "Characters of Shakespeare's Plays" (8vo, London, 1817); "A View of the English Stage" (1818); "Lectures on the English Poets" (1818); "Lectures on the English Comic Writers" (1819); "Lectures on the Literature of the Elizabethan Age" (1821); " Table Talk " (2 vols. 8vo, 1824); " The Spirit of the Age " (1825), containing sketches of the leading public characters of the day; an essay on the fine arts in the " Encyclopaedia Britan-nica;" and the " Life of Napoleon Bonaparte " (4 vols. 8vo, 1828), dictated by enthusiastic admiration of his subject.
In 1836 appeared his "Literary Remains," with a notice of his life by his son, and thoughts on his genius and writings by Sir E. L. Bulwer and Sergeant Talfourd (2 vols. 8vo). Hazlitt's free comments upon living authors made him many enemies. He was married in 1808, and divorced in 1823, and in the succeeding year married a wealthy widow. II. William, an English author, son of the preceding, born in Wiltshire, Sept. 26, 1811. He was called to the bar in London in 1844, and appointed registrar of the court of bankruptcy in 1854. He is chiefly known in the world of letters by editions of some of his father's works; an edition of the writings of De Foe (3 vols. 8vo, 1840); translations of Michelet's "Roman Republic," Guizot's "History of the English Revolutions" (12mo, 1846) and " History of Civilization " (3 vols. 12mo, 1846), Thierry's " History of the Conquest of England by the Normans" (2 vols. 12mo, 1847), and Hue's "Travels in Tartary, Thibet, and China" (1852); and an edition of Johnson's " Lives of the Poets," with additions, from the earliest period to the close of the last generation (4 vols. 12mo, 1854). In connection with Mr. Roche he has compiled a "Manual of Maritime Warfare" and editions of the bankruptcy acts of 1861 and 1869. III. William Carew, an English author, son of the preceding, born Aug. 22, 1834. He entered the Inner Temple in 1859, and was called to the bar in 1861. He has written "The History of the Venetian Republic" (4 vols., 1858-'60); "British Columbia and Vancouver Island" (1858); and" Sophy Laurie," a novel (1865). He has also edited "Old English Jest Books" (3 vols., 1864), "Remains of the Early Popular Poetry of England" (4 vols., 1864-'6), the works of Charles Lamb (4 vols., 1866-'7l), "Memoirs of William Hazlitt" (2 vols., 1867), "Bibliography of Old English Literature" (1867), "English Proverbs and Proverbial Phrases" (1869), "Popular Antiquities of Great Britain" (3 vols., 1870), and a new edition of Warton's "History of English Poetry" (4 vols., 1871). In the last named work he was assisted by several eminent antiquaries.