Hesse-Homburg , a former German land-graviate, consisting of the province of Hom-burg, which was surrounded by the territory of Nassau, Hesse-Darmstadt, Hesse-Cassel, and Frankfort, and of the more populous province of Meisenheim, which lay between Rhenish Prussia, the Bavarian Palatinate, and the Oldenburg principality of Birkenfeld; total area, 106 sq. m.; pop. in 1804, 27,374, of whom 3,000 were Roman Catholics, about 200 Jews, and the rest Protestants. The little state was known abroad chiefly for the gambling tables at the watering place of Homburg, the capital. It belonged formerly to Hesse-Darmstadt, and became an independent territory in 1596, when it was allotted to Frederick I. by his father George I. In 1815 Meisenheim was added to its territory. In 1830 disturbances broke out consequent upon the French revolution. In 1835 the landgrave joined the Zollverein. A liberal constitution was promulgated in 1848, but withdrawn in 1852. The last landgrave, Ferdinand, died on March 24, 1866, when the country reverted to Hesse-Darmstadt.