Hoadley ,.I. Benjamin, an English prelate, born at Westerham, Nov. 14, 1676, died in Chelsea, April 17, 1761. After leaving Cambridge he was lecturer of St. Mildred's and rector of a church in London, and became known by his controversies with Atterbury and the high-church party; and his "Measure of Obedience," on the doctrine of non-resistance, so pleased the commons, that in 1709 they petitioned the queen for his preferment. After the accession of George I. he was made successively bishop of Bangor in 1715, Hereford in 1721, Salisbury in 1723, and Winchester in 1734. In 1717, while bishop of Bangor, he preached his celebrated sermon on the words, "My kingdom is not of this world," asserting the supreme authority of Christ as king in his own kingdom, and that he had not delegated his power, as absent temporal rulers sometimes do, to any persons as his vicegerents or deputies. In these positions he was assailed by William Law, and the discussion became so violent in the convocation that the body was prorogued in 1717, and not again permitted to meet for general business. His writings were collected and published by his son John Hoad-ley (3 vols. fol., London, 1773). Akenside has paid a handsome tribute to his memory.
II. Benjamin, son of the preceding, born in London, Feb. 10, 1706, died in Chelsea, Aug. 10, 1757. He entered Cambridge university in 1722, graduated as doctor in medicine in 1729, and then settled in London, where in 1742 he became physician to the royal household, and in 1746 to the household of the prince of Wales, continuing to hold both offices at the same time. He produced in 1747 his comedy of "The Suspicious Husband," assisted Hogarth in his "Analysis of Beauty," and in 1756 published, in connection with Mr. Wilson, " Observations on a Series of Electrical Experiments." III. John, brother of the preceding, born in London, Oct. 8, 1711, died March 17, 1776. He was educated at Cambridge, and studied law, but did not practise; was admitted to orders in 1735, was chaplain to the prince of Wales and the princess dowager, prebendary of Winchester, rector of St. Mary's near Southampton and of Overton, and master of St. Cross. He was the author of " Love's Revenge," a pastoral (1737); "Jephtha," an oratorio (1737);
"Phoebe," a pastoral (1748); and "The Force of Truth," an oratorio (1764). He wrote the fifth act of Miller's "Mahomet," is supposed to have had a share in the composition of his brother's "Suspicious Husband," revised "Lillo's "Arden of Feversham," and edited his father's works.