I. A city and the capital of Madison co., Alabama, on the Memphis and Charleston railroad, about 10 m. N. of the Tennessee river, and 165 m. N. of Montgomery; pop. in 1870, 4,907, of whom 2,375 were colored. It is noted for its magnificent scenery, is well built, and contains a handsome court house and other public buildings, a foundery, two planing mills, gas works, water works, a bank, a tri-weekly and two weekly newspapers, and 11 churches, of which 5 are for colored people. Huntsville female seminary, under the charge of the Presbyterians, organized in 1829, in 1872 had 7 instructors and 101 students. Huntsville female college, Methodist, organized in 1853, had 11 instructors and 132 students. II. A town and the capital of Walker co., Texas, at the terminus of a branch (8 m. long) of the International and Great Northern railroad, about 12 m. S. W. of Trinity river and 135 m. E. by N. of Austin; pop. in 1870, 1,599, of whom 638 were colored. It is pleasantly situated on high ground, in the midst of a rich cotton region, has an active business, is well built, and is the seat of Austin college, a flourishing institution under the care of the Presbyterians, of the Andrew female institute (Methodist), and of the state penitentiary.
The penitentiary was built in 1848-'9, and has a large tract of land connected with it, and facilities for the manufacture of cotton and woollen goods. A semi-weekly and a weekly newspaper are published.