Hussites, the name of the followers of John Huss in Bohemia, who, on his death in 1415, organized as a sect, making the offering of the cup to the laity in the sacrament of the eucha-rist the badge of their covenant. Upon the death of Wenceslas (1419) they refused to recognize the emperor Sigismund as king, whereupon the Hussite civil war broke out. They were divided into two parties, the more moderate Calixtines and the more rigid Taborites. Ziska, the leader of the latter party, assembled them on a mountain which he fortified and called Mt. Tabor, captured Prague, pillaged the monasteries, and in several engagements defeated Sigismund. (See Ziska.) After the death of Ziska (1424) his place was filled by a monk named Procopius, who defeated the mercenaries sent under the name of crusaders by the emperor and the papal legates in the battles of Mies (1427) and Tachau (1431), and whose troops ravaged Austria, Franconia, Saxony, Catholic Bohemia, Lusatia, and Silesia. A council held at Basel in 1433 made concessions which were accepted by the Calixtines. (See Procopius.) The Taborites, rejecting the compromise, were vanquished in the battle of Prague (1434), and by the treaty of Iglau (1436) the compromise of Basel was accepted by Bohemia, and Sigismund was recognized as king.
On the death of Sigismund (1437) controversies again arose, and civil wars were prosecuted with no decisive results, till at the diet of Kuttenberg (1485) a peace was established by King Ladislas which secured Catholics and Calixtines in the possessions they then held. - See Schubert, Geschichte des Hussitenkriegs (1825); Grunhagen, Geschichtsquellen der Hus-sitenkriege (1871); Bezold, Konig Sigmund und die Reichskriege gegen dieHussiten (1872); and Palacky, Urkundliche Beitrage zur Geschichte des Hussitenkrieges (1872).