Iamblichus, a Neo-Platonic philosopher, born in Chalcis, Coele-Syria, flourished in the first half of the 4th century A. D. He was a pupil of Anatolius and Porphyry, and after the death of the latter became the head of the school in Syria. His pupils and contemporaries styled him the "most divine teacher," and declared him the equal of Plato. Little is known of his life, except that he made an excursion annually to the hot springs of Gadara, and that miraculous acts were ascribed to him, which reveal the tendency of the Neo-Platonic school at this time to combine the thaumaturge with the philosopher. He had thoroughly studied the systems of Plato and Pythagoras, and the theology and philosophy of the Chaldeans and Egyptians, and his speculations present a confusion of Hellenic and oriental ideas. The extant books of his work on the Pythagorean philosophy have been published under different titles; the last edition of the 1st (which contains the life of Pythagoras) and 2d is by Kiessling (Leipsic, 1813-15), of the 3d by Fries (Copenhagen, 1790), of the 4th by Tennulius, etc. (Arnhem, 1668), and of the 7th by Ast (Leipsic, 1817). His work on Egyptian mysteries was published by Thomas Gale (Oxford, 1678). It was translated into English by Taylor the Platonist (Chiswick, 1821), who also translated the "Life of Pythagoras" (London, 1818).