Iredell, a W. county of North Carolina, partly bounded W. by Catawba river, and drained by branches of the Yadkin; area, 695 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 16,931, of whom 4,643 were colored. It has an uneven surface and a good soil. The Western railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 67,687 bushels of wheat, 315,972 of Indian corn, 108,-657 of oats, 67,071 lbs. of tobacco, 13,233 of wool, 86,058 of butter, 40,273 of honey, and 408 bales of cotton. There were 1,920 horses, 980 mules and asses, 2,738 milch cows, 4,608 other cattle, 9,723 sheep, 15,731 swine, and 1 cotton factory. Capital, Statesville.
I. James, an American jurist, of Irish ancestry, born in Lewes, England, Oct. 5, 1751, died in Edenton, N. C, Oct. 20,1799. He emigrated to America at the age of 18, and was made comptroller of the customs at Port Roanoke, now Edenton, N. C, retaining the office for several years. He was admitted to the bar in 1770, was deputy attorney general in 1774, judge of the supreme court of the state in 1777, and attorney general in 1779-82. In 1787 he began the collection published as "Iredell's Re-visal of the Statutes of North Carolina" (1791). In 1790 he was appointed a justice of the United States supreme court. His judicial opinion in the case of Chisholm v. Georgia contains the germs of all the later doctrines of state rights. The "Life and Correspondence " of Judge Iredell has been published by Griffith J. McRee (2 vols. 8vo, New York, 1857). II. James, son of the preceding, born in Edenton, Nov. 2, 1788, died in Raleigh, April 13, 1853. He graduated at Princeton in 1806, studied law, and served for ten years in the North Carolina house of commons, being twice speaker. In the war of 1812 he commanded a company of volunteers. In 1819 he occupied during one circuit a seat on the bench of the superior court, declining a further appointment.
In 1827 he was governor of the state, and from 1828 to 1831 a member of the United States senate. He afterward resumed the practice of his profession at Raleigh, and for many years was the reporter of the state supreme court. He published 13 volumes of law and 8 of equity reports. In 1833 he was appointed one of three commissioners to collect and revise all the statutes in force in North Carolina; the result was the work known as the "Revised Statutes." He afterward published a "Treatise on the Law of Executors and Administrators."