Isle Of Wight, a S. E. county of Virginia, bounded N. E. by the estuary of James river, and S. W. by the Blackwater; area, 400 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,320, of whom 3,446 were colored. The surface is generally level and divided between swamps, pine forests, and farming lands. The soil is thin and sandy. The Norfolk and Petersburg and Seaboard and Roanoke railroads cross the county. The chief productions in 1870 were 160,733 bushels of Indian corn, 17,823 of oats, 17,957 of Irish and 30,411 of sweet potatoes, and 1,312 tons of hay. There were 829 horses, 1,226 milch cows, 2,237 other cattle, 1,510 sheep, 11,423 swine, and 6 saw mills. Capital, Smithfield.
Isle Of Wight, an island in the English channel, 2 m. off the coast of Hampshire, to which county it is politically attached, separated from the mainland by the roadstead of Spithead and the Solent; extreme length 23 m., breadth 14 m.; area, about 160 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 66,165. Newport is the chief town, and the other places of importance are Cowes, Ryde, Ventnor, a watering place, and St. Helen's. The coast is indented by several small estuaries and bays, and at the S. part and "back of the island" it is bold and cliffy. The principal streams are the Brading, Medina, and Yar. The general surface is elevated, and consists of plains or downs, diversified with hills and dales and tracts of woodland. The scenery is picturesque and romantic, some points attaining an altitude of about 800 ft. The elevated part of the island consists of chalky formations, particularly rich in fossil remains, under which are various kinds of schists. Good-coal, yellow and red ochre, fullers' earth, sandstone, pipe clay, native alum, sulphur, and copperas stones are found. Sand and flints for the manufacture of glass and china are extensively exported. The climate is remarkably healthful, and so mild that myrtles, geraniums, and many other delicate plants grow luxuriantly in the open air.
The soil is generally a rich loam, and a very small portion of the surface is waste. "Wheat, oats, barley, turnips, and potatoes are the principal crops. Large flocks of sheep of superior quality are fed upon the uplands. Some manufactures are carried on at Newport. The principal exports are grain, wool, salt, and silicious sand. The Isle of Wight contains very extensive barracks, erected from 1800 to 1815. Osborne house, the marine villa of Queen Victoria, is near East Cowes on the N. shore of the island. Carisbrooke castle is near Newport. (See Caeisbrookk).