James Stuart, sometimes called Athenian Stuart, an English antiquary, born in London in 1713, died Feb. 2, 1788. In early life, till about 1742, he painted fans. He then went to Rome, where he studied art, the ancient languages, and archaeology. In 1750 he accompanied Nicholas Revett on an antiquarian tour to Greece, remaining in Athens from March, 1751, to the close of 1753. Returning to London in 1755, he engaged in the practice of architecture, and began, at first in conjunction with Revett, a work on the "Antiquities of Athens." The work was completed in 4 vols. imp. fob, with 384 plates; the first volume appeared in 1762, and the other three were edited respectively by Newton (1787), W. Reveley (1794), and Joseph Woods (1816). A second edition of the first three volumes with smaller plates, and a supplementary volume with 50 plates, were published by Kin-nard (1825-30). Among other editions is one in French (4 vols. fol. and a supplementary volume, Paris, 1808-'32).