Jamestown, a village of Chautauqua co., New York, at the outlet of Chautauqua lake and on the Atlantic and Great Western, and the Dunkirk, Alleghany Valley, and Pittsburgh railroads, 55 m. S. S. W. of Buffalo; pop. in 1870, 5,336. It is connected by a daily line of steamers with Mayville, at the opposite end of the lake, and contains a piano factory, several sash and blind factories, two machine shops and founderies, an edge-tool factory, a large alpaca factory, woollen mills, three, large chair factories, etc. There are three national banks, four hotels, a collegiate institute, two daily and two weekly newspapers, and eight churches. The lake is becoming a favorite summer resort. Eight hotels and many cottages have been erected on its shores, and four steamers and numerous yachts ply upon it.
Jamestown, the first" English settlement in the United States, situated within the present limits of James City co., Virginia, on a point of land projecting from the N. bank of James river, 32 m. above its mouth. The encroachments of the river have converted the promontory into an island, and a portion of the site of the settlement has been entirely swept away. A part of the old church tower, with some tombstones standing around it, is now the only relic of the ancient town. There is a private residence on the island. Jamestown was founded in 1607 by 105 colonists sent out by the London company under command of Christopher Newport. Capt. John Smith and Bartholomew Gosnold were prominent members of the expedition. Their fleet, consisting of three vessels, entered the Chesapeake April 26, and sailing up the James river, which they named in honor of the reigning king of England, anchored off a beautiful promontory, where in May they began to build a town. During the first season of their arrival the colony was exposed to extreme want and danger, and it was only saved from speedy destruction by the energy of Capt. Smith and the good offices of Pocahontas. The first colonial assembly ever convened in America was held at Jamestown, June 29, 1619. On March 22, 1622, several hundred colonists were massacred by the Indians. (See Virginia.) Nathaniel Bacon, during the rebellion which took its name from him, burned the town in 1676.