Jean Baptiste George Marie Bory De Saint Vincent, a French naturalist, born at Agen in 1780, died in Paris, Dec. 22, 1846. He visited Mauritius and Bourbon in 1800, explored St. Helena and various other African islands, and on his return published Essais sur les ties Fortunees et Vantique Atlantide (4to, Paris, 1803), and an illustrated Voyage dans les quatre princi-pales iles des Triers d' Afrique (3 vols. 8vo, 1804). He served in the French army under Davoust, Ney, and Soult, the last of whom subsequently employed him in the ministry of war. Exiled after the restoration, and hunted by tho police through many of the states of Europe, he remained a fugitive till 1820, during which time he assisted in editing the Annales gene-rales des sciences physiques at Brussels, and wrote his Voyage souterrain, describing the subterranean quarries of Maestricht. In 1829 he was chief of an official scientific expedition to the Morea and the Cyclades, and was the sole author of the botanical portion of the Expedition scientifique de Moree (1832 et seq.), besides writing with Chaubard the Nouvelle flore du Peloponnese et des Cyclades (1838). He was in the war department in 1830, and rose to the rank of marechal de camp in the corps of engineers.
In 1839 he was appointed chief of a scientific expedition to Algeria. He was the principal editor of the Dictionnaire clas-sique de l'histoire naturelle, writing nearly half of the first 10 volumes. He wrote two works on Spain, a history of microscopic animals, and L'homme, essai zoologique sur le genre humain (2 vols., 2d ed., Paris, 1827), the last being one of his most original productions.