Jean Pierre Brissot, a Girondist leader, sur-named De Warville after the village of Ouar-ville, near Chartres, where he was born, Jan. 14, 1754, died by the guillotine, Oct. 31, 1793. He had abandoned the law for literature, when a seditious publication, wrongly imputed to him, caused him to be imprisoned. Afterward he repaired to London, where he conducted a French journal; he then went to the United States, where he wrote against slavery, having previously been one of the original founders of la societe des amis des noirs. Returning to France on the outbreak of the revolution of 1789, he became the editor of Le Patriote Frangais, and a member of the commune of Paris; and having labored assiduously, and with uncommon ability, in the interest of the revolution, he was chosen member of the legislative assembly, where he soon took a conspicuous position as a leader of the Girondists, who from him were frequently called Brissotins. After the king's flight, he put himself at the head of those who demanded his deposition, and eventually taking his seat in the convention as a representative of the department of Eure-et-Loire, he was instrumental in bringing about the declaration of war against Austria, England, and Holland. He made himself obnoxious to Robespierre and his party by opposing the immediate execution of the king, though he voted for his death, and was finally doomed to die on the same day with 20 of his political associates. (See Girondists.) He was the author of a great number of works and memoirs, chiefly on law, politics, and metaphysics.
His work on the United States (1791) was translated into English, German, and Dutch. His biography was published in 4 vols. (Paris, 1829-32).