Jehovah (Yehovah), the Hebrew name of the Supreme Being. The pronunciation and derivation of this name are matters of controversy. The Jews of later periods, either from religious awe, or from a misunderstanding of Ex. xx. 7, Lev. xxiv. 16, abstained from pronouncing it, and, wherever it occurred in reading, substituted the word Adonai (the Lord), unless it followed that word, when they substituted Elohim (God); and it is now generally believed that the interlinear vowel signs attached to the Hebrew tetragrammaton Yhvh belong to the substituted word. The practice antedates the Greek version of the LXX., who everywhere substitute Many believe Yahveh or Yuhaveh to be the original pronunciation ; but even Gesenius admits that " those who regard Jehovah as the true pronunciation are not without some apparent grounds." The name is derived by some modern critics from names of Egyptian divinities, supposed to have been nationalized by Moses; by others it is compared with the Jove of the Romans. Its resemblance to two other Hebrew words for the Divinity, Jah (Yah) and Ehyeh, in part strengthens and in part weakens these suppositions, which have been exhaustively treated by Tholuck (Literarischer Anzeiger for May, 1832; translated for the "American Biblical Repository," No. xiii., pp. 89-108). What is certain is the connection of the word, in its original or adapted form, with the Hebrew root havah or hayah, to be, and its meaning throughout the Scriptures "the Being" or "the Everlasting."