John Ellis Wool, an American soldier, born in Newburgh, N. Y., in 1789, died in Troy, N. Y., Nov. 10, 1869. He was first a bookseller in Troy, then commenced the study of law, and in 1812 was commissioned captain in the army. He was severely wounded at the storming of Queenstown heights, was promoted to be a major, and for his services in the battle of Plattsburgh was brevetted lieutenant colonel. In 1821 he was made inspector general of the army, and in 1826 brevet brigadier general. In 1832 the government sent him to Europe to examine military systems. In 1836 he took charge of the removal of the Cherokee Indians to Arkansas. In 1841 he was made a full brigadier general. For the Mexican war he collected upward of 12,000 volunteers. He commanded in the early part of the battle of Buena Vista, Feb. 23, 1847, and after Gen. Taylor's return to the United States in November was in command of the army of occupation till the close of the war, returning home in July, 1848. He afterward commanded the eastern military division with headquarters at Troy till October, 1853, the department of the east with headquarters at Baltimore till January, 1854, the department of the Pacific till March, 1857, putting down Indian disturbances in Oregon and Washington in 1856, and again the department of the east with headquarters at Troy. In 1861 he secured Fortress Monroe by timely reŽnforcement, became commander of the department of Virginia in August, occupied Norfolk May 10, 1862, was commissioned major general May 16, and in June was made commander of the middle department with headquarters at Baltimore. At the close of the war he retired from active service.