Joseph Medill, an American journalist, born in New Brunswick, near the border of Maine, April 6, 1823. His parents, who were Scotch-Irish, removed to Massillon, 0., in 1832, where Joseph passed the next 12 years on his father's farm. He studied and practised law, and in 1849 established the "Republican" at Coshocton, ()., as a free-soil whig paper. In 1852 he sold this journal, and founded the "Forest City" in Cleveland, O., advocating the election of Winfield Scott as president, but repudiating the Baltimore platform. In 1853 his paper was merged in the "Leader," and in 1854 he was one of the 12 who formed the republican party in Cleveland. In that year he removed to Chicago, and with John C. Vaughan and Dr.C. H. Kay purchased the "Tribune," with which la- has been connected since May, 1855. In 1870 he was elected to the state co'nstitutional convention, and was the author of the minority-representation clause. In 1871 he was a member of the United States civil service commission, which post he resigned on being elected mayor of Chicago. In September, 1873, he resigned the mayoralty and went to Europe. In November, 1874, he returned and purchased a controlling interest in the " Tribune," becoming editor-in-chief.