Joseph Norman Lockyer, an English astronomer, born in Rugby, May 17, 1836. He was educated in private schools and on the continent, and in 1857 received an appointment in the war office, into which in subsequent years he introduced many improvements. In 1866 he became a fellow of the royal astronomical society, and proposed a method of observing the red flames of the sun without the necessity of waiting for an eclipse, which was put in successful operation in 1868. In 1869 he was elected a fellow of the royal society, and during that and the following year he announced to it many important discoveries in solar physics. He was the chief of the eclipse expedition sent to Sicily by the English government in 1870, and in 1871 he was appointed Rede lecturer in the university of Cambridge. He is widely known as a lecturer on science, and his contributions to periodicals on scientific subjects are very numerous. In 1874 he succeeded Encke as corresponding member of the French academy of sciences. He is now (1874) editor of "Nature," a weekly scientific journal.

He is the author of "Elementary Lessons in Astronomy " (new ed., revised by the author, New York, 1870), and of "Contributions to Solar Physics " (London, 1874).