Joseph Tinker Buckingham, an American journalist, born at Windham, Conn., Dec. 21, 1779, died in Cambridge, Mass., April 11,1861. His father, Nehemiah Tinker, exhausted his whole property in aiding the American army during the revolution, and died in 1793, leaving his family destitute. At the age of 16 Joseph entered a printing office at Walpole, N. H., and a few months later became a printer at Greenfield, Mass., whence in 1800 he removed to Boston. In 1806, having by application to the legislature assumed his mother's name of Buckingham, he commenced the publication of "The Polyanthus," a monthly magazine, which was discontinued and not resumed till 1812. In 1809 he published for six months "The Ordeal," a weekly magazine. From 1817 to 1828, in company with Samuel L. Knapp, he published the "New England Galaxy and Masonic Magazine." In 1831, in connection with his son, he commenced the "New England Magazine," which was continued under his care till 1834, and contained contributions from numerous writers who afterward attained literary eminence.

In 1824 he published the first number of the " Boston Courier," a journal which he continued to edit till 1848. Mr. Buckingham was several times elected to the legislature, and in 1847 and 1850 to the senate, of Massachusetts. He published " Specimens of Newspaper Literature, with Personal Memoirs, Anecdotes, and Reminis-cences" (2 vols., Boston, 1850); " Personal Memoirs and Recollections of Editorial Life" (2 vols., 1852); and "Annals of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanics' Association " (1853).