Joshua, the successor of Moses in the command of the Israelites. He was the son of Nun, of the tribe of Ephraim. He gained the victory over the Amalekites at Rephidim, accompanied Moses to Mt. Sinai, was deputed with eleven others to explore the land of Canaan, was appointed by Moses, at the age of 85, to the command of the Israelites, led them into the promised land, and divided the country among the tribes. (See Hebrews.) He governed Israel during 25 years. He was buried at Timnath-serah in the mountains of Ephraim. His reputed tomb was discovered in 1873, near Tibneh, by M. Guerin, who was employed by the French government in scientific researches in Palestine.-His history is contained in the canonical book called after him. Formerly this book was usually regarded as a production of Joshua; but at present the common opinion among theologians of all schools is that it received its name from its subject, not from its author. While some critics believe it to have been written soon after the death of Joshua, others refer its origin to the time of David, or even of the Babylonian exile.
Among the best commentaries on the book are those by Maurer (1835), Keil (1847; new ed., 1863), Knobel (1861), and Crosby (New York, 1874). - There is a Samaritan book of Joshua (published in Arabic and Latin by Juynboll, Leyden, 1848), which is a chronicle of events from the death of Moses to the time of Alexander Severus.