Juan Luis Vives, a Spanish scholar, born in Valencia in March, 1492, died in Bruges, Flanders, May 6,1540. He studied in Paris and at the university of Louvain, where he early became professor of belles-lettres. In 1522 he published his commentaries on Augustine's De Civitate Dei, and dedicated it to Henry VIII., who thereupon invited him to England, and made him the tutor of his daughter Mary, and subsequently professor at Oxford. He was imprisoned for opposing the divorce of Catharine of Aragon, and on his release settled at Bruges. Budaeus, Erasmus, and Vives were called the triumvirs of the republic of letters of the 16th century. His works were collected at Basel (2 vols, fol., 1555) and Valencia (8 vols, fol., 1782-'90). Among the most important are: De Corruptis Artibus; DeReligione; commentaries on the "Dream of Scipio " and the " Bucolics " 'of Virgil; and several educational works. His commentary on the " City of God " was placed on the Index because he had given a place in heaven to Numa, Camillus, Cato, Seneca, and other heathens.