Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve apostles, and the betrayer of Christ. As to his surname Iscariot (Gr. , there are many theories; the most probable is, that it is merely the Greek form of writing the Hebrew ish Kerioth, "man of Kerioth," a town of Judah. He was the son of Simon, was appointed treasurer of the apostles, covenanted with the chief priests to deliver Jesus up to them for 30 pieces of silver (at the highest computation about $22, bat in comparative value probably equivalent to nearly $500), accomplished this purpose, repented when he saw his Lord condemned and buffeted, offered to restore the money, confessed that he had betrayed innocent blood, and in despair committed suicide by hanging, according to Matthew, or fell and burst asunder, as related in Acts in the words of Peter. Some interpreters suppose that the motive of his betrayal was to oblige Jesus, in self-defence, to announce himself as the expected king Messiah, to surmount the emergency by his miraculous powers, and to open to himself, the apostles, and the Jewish kingdom the anticipated career of aggrandizement. "The difference," says Archbishop Whately, " between Iscariot and his fellow apostles was, that though they all had the same expectations and conjectures, he dared to act on his conjectures, departing from the plain course of his known duty to follow the calculations of his worldly wisdom and the schemes of his worldly ambition." See Whately's "Discourse on the Treason of Judas Iscariot," in his " Essays on some of the Dangers to Christian Faith " (London, 1839). That he was simply a traitor is the impression generally made by the narrative.